Cymraeg

Cycling and Walking

CWIS Active Travel Investment Models cover imageCycling and Walking Investment Strategy (CWIS) modelling reports

Transport for Quality of Life and the Arup Aecom consortium were commissioned by the Department for Transport to develop models to assess the amount and type of investment required to meet cycling and walking targets, under a range of different scenarios. The main report explains the structure of three Active Travel Investment Models, for cycling, walking, and walking to school.

It is accompanied by eight technical appendices. Technical appendices 4 and 5 give a comprehensive account of the evidence underlying the models.

Click on the links below to download:

CWIS Active Travel Investment Models: model structure and evidence base – main report Sloman L, Cairns S, Green A, Hopkinson L and Perrotta F (2019)

Technical appendix 1: Defining local authority baseline data for the models Cairns S (2019)

Technical Appendices 2 and 3: Defining the counterfactuals and Potential effect of housing development and land use on the counterfactual Sloman L (2019)

Technical appendix 4: Overview of evidence on increasing active travel Hopkinson L, Cairns S, Heinen E, Schuller Z, Stoddart I and Sloman L (2019)

Technical appendix 5: Compendium of interventions Cairns S, Hopkinson L, Schuller Z, Stoddart I, Heinen E and Sloman L (2019)

Technical appendix 6: Intervention summary tables (2019)

Technical appendix 7: Factors affecting walking and cycling levels, and model scaling factors Cairns S (2019)

Technical appendix 8: Package details (2019) 

 

Cycling's impact on the UK economy... and how it could contribute much more

The Bicycle Association commissioned Transport for Quality of Life to produce three reports developing the evidence base on the contribution of cycling to Britain’s industrial strategy.

Newson C and Sloman L (2018) The value of the cycling sector to the British economy: a scoping study

Newson C and Sloman L (2018) The case for a UK incentive for e-bikes

Cairns C and Sloman L (2019) Potential for e-cargo bikes to reduce congestion and pollution from vans in cities

The reports calculate that the bicycle industry is worth £5.4 billion per year to the UK economy once wider impacts and the value to tourism are added to sales of £0.7 billion per year. They show that if UK adopted better policies and support for e-bikes and e-cargo bikes, as in other countries, further major benefits could be realised. Click on images below to download:

Value of cycling to British economy cover image

The case for a UK incentive for e-bikes_ cover_image

Potential for e-cargo bikes_cover image

 

 

 

 

 

The value of cycling                     The case for e-bike incentives        The potential for e-cargo bikes

 

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Typical Costs of Cycling Interventions: Interim analysis of Cycle City Ambition schemes

This document provides a summary of typical costs of cycling interventions and the factors that affect them, drawn from expenditure during delivery of Phase 1 of the Cycle City Ambition (CCA) towns. 

Taylor I and Hiblin B (2017) Typical Costs of Cycling Interventions: Interim analysis of Cycle City Ambition schemes Report for Department for Transport

Download: Costs of Cycling Interventions: Interim analysis of Cycle City Ambition schemes [pdf 2Mb]

 

 

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Cycle City Ambition Programme: Interim Report

This interim report describes the effect of investment in cycle infrastructure in the eight Cycle City Ambition cities up to the end of 2017. It reports the increase in cycling along routes that received capital investment; city-wide cycling trends; propensity to cycle by gender, age and ethnicity; and differences in the demographic profile of new and existing cyclists. A final report will be published in 2021.

Sloman L, Riley R, Dennis S, Hopkinson L, Goodman A, Farla K, and Hiblin B (2019) Cycle City Ambition Programme: Interim Report Report for Department for Transport

Download: Cycle City Ambition Programme: Interim Report [pdf 5Mb]

 

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Cycle City Ambition Programme: Baseline Report

The baseline report lays out the basis for the evaluation of the eight Cycle City Ambition towns that the Department for Transport supported with capital funds of £191m between 2013 and 2018.

Sloman L, Goodman A, Taylor I, Maia J, Riley R, Dennis S, Farla K, Hopkinson L and Hiblin B (2017) Cycle City Ambition Programme: Baseline and Interim Report Report for Department for Transport

Download: Cycle City Ambition Programme: Baseline Report [pdf 5Mb]

 

 

Analysis and Synthesis of Evidence on the Effects of Investment in Six Cycling Demonstration Towns

The six Cycling Demonstration Towns were funded by Cycling England and the Department for Transport to implement comprehensive strategies to encourage more people to cycle, including ‘smart’ behaviour change measures as well as new cycle infrastructure. The average increase in cycling, as measured by automatic cycle counts, was 27% over the three year programme. There were increases in the number of people cycling, amongst both adults and children. Comparator data suggested that this was unlikely to be simply a reflection of a wider national trend. The investment offered high value for money. This report for the Department for Transport and Cycling England brings together the key results from the first three years of the Cycling Demonstration Town programme.

Sloman L, Cavill N, Cope A, Muller L and Kennedy A (2009) Analysis and Synthesis of Evidence on the Effects of Investment in Six Cycling Demonstration Towns Report for Department for Transport and Cycling England

Download: Analysis & Synthesis [pdf 1.39Mb]

 

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Summary of Outcomes of the Cycling Demonstration Towns and Cycling City and Towns Programmes

This is a summary of the final outcomes of the Cycling Demonstration Town (CDT) programme (2005 - 2011) and the Cycling City and Towns (CCT) programme (2008 – 2011). The two programmes funded 18 towns and cities to implement strategies to encourage more people to cycle. Cycling trips increased across both programmes overall, and also individually in all 18 towns and cities. From automatic count data, there was an overall increase of 29% for the six CDTs in 5.5 years (range across towns: 6% - 59%); and an overall increase of 24% for the 12 CCTs over three years (range across towns: 9% - 62%). The annual rate of growth for the CDT programme was 5.3% and for the CCT programme 8.0%. This was comparable to rates of growth in international cities which have demonstrated sustained long-term commitment to cycling.

Download: Summary of Outcomes CDT & CCT Programmes [pdf 1.14Mb]